Syria Is The Least Peaceful Country In 2014
Syria has swapped places with previously bottom-ranked Afghanistan and now appears as the least peaceful country in the world, according to the 2014 GPI. Over the course of the past year, the Syrian civil war intensified to new heights of violence and bloodshed, with an estimate of around 100,000 persons killed since the fighting erupted in 2011, and millions displaced (this, in turn, was the main indicator that led to the deterioration in Syria’s score, along with the ease of access to small arms). The most significant event was the chemical attack by government forces in Ghouta, a suburb of Damascus, that left hundreds dead and resulted in strong international condemnation and, almost, to intervention by Western forces. This was only averted after a
last-minute deal, sponsored by Russia, to disarm the Syrian government of its chemical-weapons capabilities, to which it has mostly complied and, hence, has resulted in a slight boost to the score. However, the tepid support offered by the West to the rebels (in contrast to the lavish support of the government by Russia) has resulted in a stalemate, in which the government now appears more likely to prevail and that foreshadows another year of bloodshed for what is the world’s least peaceful country.
The fall in global peace in the last year has primarily been driven by the deterioration in four indicators: terrorist activity; number of internal and external conflicts fought; number of displaced people as a percentage of the population; and number of deaths from organised internal conflict. Counteracting these deteriorations are slight improvements on four indicators: political terror, number of homicides per 100,000 people, number of deaths from
organised external conflict and number of armed services personnel per 100,000 people. The annual change is calculated by taking the average of the scores for each of the 22 indicators of the GPI for each of the 162 countries analysed in 2013 and 2014.
To read full report of 2014